CSOs holding governments to account


The report by GSDRC aims to answer the following question: what is the range of ways that civil society organizations (CSOs) help people hold governments to account? It summarizes the different interventions of over 30 different CSOs, operating across a range of contexts.

Broad distinctions are made in the report to describe different types of CSO interventions. CSOs can try to galvanize broad-based public opinion or lobby personal contacts behind the scenes. In practice, CSOs are likely to engage in several types of interventions simultaneously. The report categorizes the main types of interventions including legal mechanisms, media campaigns, social audits, coalition building and more. The CSO interventions featured in the report have different types of impact, including changes in government policy, increased transparency, improved livelihood outcomes, and reduced local-level corruption.