Iran Budget Process Primer


In a democracy, the citizenry controls how the government spends the nation’s wealth: Through their elected representatives, the people have the right to determine how resources are allocated throughout their country. Ensuring that funds are spent wisely and fairly is also a citizen’s responsibility. Whether it is through monitoring the budget’s creation, advocating for a specific use of funds, or tracking how the funds are spent, citizen involvement is an important way to guard against corruption, address social and economic problems, and strengthen the relationship between officials and their constituents.

Citizens can use the law to promote monitoring and advocacy for change. A number of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s laws delineate how the government budget should be drafted and implemented. For example, the Majlis Internal Regulation Law requires that the president submit a budget proposal to the Majlis no later than the 15th of Azar. In addition to deadlines, each involved stakeholder is governed by internal and external rules; for example, the Majlis cannot make recommendations that would increase the overall expenditures without identifying a new source of revenue.

Iran’s law also provides mechanisms for citizens to become involved in the budgetary process. In outlining Iran’s budgetary procedures and describing the roles that the various government offices play in determining resource allocation, this 10-page document is designed to empower you to engage with your fellow citizens and officials to impact the way public funds are spent.


  • National Budget Creation Process
    • Public Budgets
    • State-Owned Enterprises Budget
    • Budget Creation Process
    • Provincial Funding
    • Allocation of Funds Throughout the Province
  • Municipal Budget Process
  • Transparency and Freedom of Information Act of 1391
  • Iranian National Budget Process Summary Flow Chart


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