Iran Public Service Responsibilities Primer


The basic function of any government is to provide public services to its citizens. Whether the issue is education, healthcare, security, water and sewage, or protecting the environment, government officials make decisions on how to allocate a country’s wealth to address such services. In a democracy, citizens are responsible for holding their government accountable for the quality of the services it provides. They indicate what services are expected and when those services are failing.

In Iran, both municipal and provincial governments are responsible for providing public services. The level of government at which the ultimate responsibility lies depends on the type of service in question. At the local level, your municipality has an Office for City Services, which is tasked with policymaking, planning, coordination, and supervision of public services provided by the municipality. Your elected municipal council is responsible for overseeing the performance of the municipal government. At the provincial level, your governor’s office and the provincial offices of various national ministries are responsible for those services not provided by your municipal government. According to the Provincial Planning and Development Council Regulation promulgated in 2011, councils in each province have the responsibility for decision making, issuing directives, providing guidance, coordinating, and supervising provincial planning and budgetary affairs— within the framework laid out at the national level.


  • Local Governments
  • Provincial Governments
  • Which Government Bodies Are Responsible for Which Services?
    • Education
    • Electricity
    • Water and Sewage
    • Parks and Green Spaces
    • Waste Management
    • Environment Protection
    • Urban Development
    • Bus Transportation
    • Cultural Heritage Preservation
    • Firefighting and Safety Services
    • Public Health
    • Public Welfare
  • Appendix: Freedom of Information Law (2010)