Map of invalid votes during Iran's 2020 parliamentary elections across the constituencies
On February 21, Iran held its eleventh parliamentary elections since the Islamic revolution of 1979. Having witnessed the lowest voter turnout since the establishment of the Islamic republic (see the map of participation rates per provinces here), the government broke with tradition and did not publish the following details of the election results: voter turnout by constituency, election results by constituency, eligible voters by constituency, total number of ballots cast, and total number of valid votes. The Ministry of Interior (MOI) only published the overall turnout percentage in the country and unofficial turnout rates per province. The lack of public and verified information calls into question the validity of the results.
Nabz-Iran has compiled a dataset of the election results at the constituency level based on available press releases, available copies of “Form 78” (the formal statement of election results at the constituency level), and data published on the websites of local governors.
This map shows the percentage of invalid votes per constituency. When information was not available, the number of invalid ballots could be calculated by comparing the number of votes cast to the number of valid votes. In some electoral districts, the percentage of invalid votes was as high as 19 percent.
Invalid votes could be the result of blank or protest votes, but also could have other reasons such as manipulating the ballot boxes to increase the turnout rate. In the absence of independent domestic and international observation, and with limited public access to the election results, it is not possible to determine the reasons for such high rates. Moreover, for large parts of the country, no data has been provided by electoral authorities, so the invalid vote figures in those areas are not available.
Nabz-Iran has other maps based on the dataset of available results which can be found here:
- Political map of Iran's parliament before and after 2020 parliamentary elections - Constituencies - Pie chart
- Political map of Iran's parliament before and after 2020 parliamentary elections - Provinces - Pie chart
- Political map of Iran's parliament before and after 2020 parliamentary elections - constituencies
- Map of official voter turnout figures per electoral district
- Availability of Election Results by Constituency for Iran’s 2020 Parliamentary Elections
For more information about Iran's 2020 parliamentary elections visit Nabz-Iran's Elections Central 2020 page.
Download the high quality version of the maps below.